Class 10 Chapter Reflection and Refraction: The first theory of light was put forward by Newton. This theory treats light as a particle called corpuscle. We can say that light propagates as a wave and is emitted and absorbed as a particle. One may regard light as having dual nature.
Solved Questions from Board Exam CBSE _NCERT Class 10 Chapter Reflection and Refraction
Q. For the same angle of incidence 45 degree, the angle of refraction in two transparent media 1 and 2 is 20 degree and 30 degree respectively. out of 1and 2 which is optically denser medium and why ?
Ans: As the angle of refraction is less for medium 1, So medium 1 will be optically denser medium than medium 2.
Q. For the same angle of incidence in media p , q , r the angles of refraction are 45 , 35 and 15 degrees respectively. In which medium will the velocity of light be minimum?
Ans: Taking the refractive index of the medium as sin i / sin r, the refractive index of medium is the maximum and the refractive index of medium 'p ' is the least. In other words, out of the three media,,the rarest medium. Therefore, as light travels fastest in rarer media, the velocity of light will be aximum in and minimum in 'r '.
Q.For what angle of incidence, the lateral shift produced by parallel sided glass plate is zero? Ans: For <i = 0. Q. What are the factors on which the lateral shift depends? Ans: Thickness of the refracting medium, angle of incidence and its refractive index
Q. A coin in a glass beaker appears to rise as the beaker is slowly filled with water. Why? Ans: It happens on account of refraction of light. A ray of light starting from the coin goes from water to air and bends away from normal. Therefore, bottom of the beaker on which the coin lies appears to be raised.
Q. An object under water appears to be at lesser depth than in reality. Explain why? Ans: This is due to refraction of light. We know Real depth / Apparent depth = n Or Apparent depth = Real depth / n Since n > 1, so apparent depth < real depth
Q.Why does bending of light takes place ? Ans: The bending of light takes place because it travels with different velocity in different media
Q.Does the refractive index of substance change with the colour of light ? Ans: Yes, refractive index depends upon the colour of light (wavelength)
Q.What is the advantage of "total internal reflection" over reflection ? Ans: The loss of intensity of light is less in total internal reflection than reflection
Q.In refraction of light through a rectangular glass slab, the emergent ray is parallel to the direction of the incident ray. Why Ans: This is because glass slab has parallel reflecting surfaces
The incident ray bends towards the normal inside the glass slab and the refracted ray bends away from the normal when it emerges from the glass slab. The extent of bending of the light ray at the two opposite parallel surfaces is equal and opposite. Hence the incident ray and the emergent ray are parallel to each other.
Q.Under what condition in an arrangement of two plane mirrors, incident ray and reflected ray will always be parallel to each other, whatever may be angle of incidence. Show the same with the help of diagram. Ans. Incident ray and reflected ray will always be parallel to each other if two plane mirrors are placed perpendicular to each other as shown in figure