A (Tick) the correct options:
1. Rhizobium bacteria live in the root nodules of plant
(a) wheat (b) rice (c) barley (d) peaÖ
2. Plants store food as
(a) cellulose (b) sugar (c) glucose (d) starchÖ
3. Which of the following is an insectivorous plant?
(a) Cucuta (b) DroseraÖ (c) mistletoe (d) lichen
4. The mode of nutrition shown by Cuscuta is
(a) parasiticÖ (b) symbiotic (c) saprophyte (d) autotrophic
5. On adding iodine solution, starch
(a) turns blue blackÖ (b) turns green (C) remains colourless (d) turns red
6. We keep healthy potted plant in a dark room for some days to the leaves
(a) decolourise (b) defragment (c) destarchÖ (d) deprotein
7. The portion of leaf that is not exposed to sunlight, will not make
(a) fats (b) protein (c) glucose Ö (d) starch
B.Fill in the blanks:
1. Rhizobium bacteria provide --nitrogen---- to the leguminous plants.
2. Green plants make their food by the process of photosynthesis.
3. Stomata are surrounded by guard cells.
4. Cuscuta is a -Total--- parasite.
5. The roots of saprophytes contain organisms called ….symbionts
C. Very Short Answer Questions:
1. Name any two heterotrophs.
2. Name any two insectivorous plants.
Ans: Venus flytrap, pitcher plants, butterworts, sundews
3. Name the pores through which leaves exchange gases.
4. Name one plant in which photosynthesis occurs in plant part other than leaves. Name
the plant part.
Ans: cactus in it's stem
5. What are the two main modes of nutrition in plants?
Ans: Autotropic and heterotrophic
6. Name the green pigment present in the leaves.
D. Short Answer Type-l Questions:
1. What are autotrophs?
Ans: Organism prepare own food like green plants
2. Why is Cuscuta called parasite?
Ans: Cuscuta is called parasite as it draw nutrition from host.
3. In which form, do plants need nitrogen?
Ans: Plants absorb nitrogen from the soil in the form of nitrate (NO3−) and ammonium
4. Why are leaves of a plant green in colour?
Ans: leaves of a plant are green in colour due to presence of chlorophyll.
5. Why do some plants feed on insects?
Ans: some plants feed on insects to get nitrogenous compound from which they make
6. Define photosynthesis.
Ans: Photosynthesis is the food making process of green plant using CO2 and water in
the presence of sunlight
E. Short Answer Type-ll Questions:
1. How can we decolorized a leaf? What will you conclude when white patches do not
turn blue black adding iodine solution?
Ans: Leaf of green plant heated in a test tube containing alcohol in water bath to
decolorize. if white patches do not turn blue black adding iodine solution showing
absence of starch
2. What is saprotrophic mode of nutrition? Give one example.
Ans: The mode of nutrition in which organism derive nutrients from dead and decaying
organic matter. Eg. Mushroom.
Saprophytes breakdown organic matter by secreting digestive juice into it. Then they
absorb what they need from the digested matter.
3. How does the pitcher plant catch its food?
Ans : Pitcher plants have leaves that look like pitchers. The lid of the pitcher closes when
an insect lands on the pitcher. The trapped insect slides down the wall of the pitcher and
is digested inside it.
4. Algae and fungi live together in lichens.
(a) What is this association called? (b) What value can we learn from this association in
Ans: The fungus provides minerals and water to the alga. The alga supplies the fungus
with food that it manufactures.
(a) Symbiotic relationship (b) We live with other in mutual benefit take help and give
5. Discuss the importance of photosynthesis.
Ans: Photosynthesis helps green plant to prepare glucose. Photosynthesis use CO2 and
release O2 and thus balance the oxygen and carbon dioxide level in atmosphere. Water
vapor released during photosynthesis also help in formation of cloud and bring rain.
F. Long Answer Questions:
1. Write an experiment to show that sunlight is necessary for photosynthesis.
Ans: cover a part of a leaf of a potted plant with black paper. Use paper clips to fix the
paper on both sides of the leaf
Make sure the plant get enough sunlight Pluck the leaf and take off the paper after two
Heat the leaf in alcohol, as in the previous activity, and test for starch. Only the part of
the leaf which was exposed to sunlight will turn blue-black. This shows that sunlight is
necessary for photosynthesis.
Ans: Plant provide shelter to Rhizobium bacteria and Rhizobium bacteria provide nitrogenous compound that plants required to make plants protein.
G. HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skills) Questions:
1. What will happen if plant leaves are devoid of stomata?
Ans: if plant leaves are devoid of stomata there is no exchange of gases like O2 and CO2
. Plants cannot perform photosynthesis
2. What will happen if all the plants disappear from the earth?
Ans: Food chain unbalance and no life exist.
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