Q. What is the atomic number of carbon?
Answer: The atomic number of carbon is 6.
Q. What is the distribution of electrons in various shells for carbon?
Answer: The distribution of electrons in various shells for carbon: K(2),L(4)
Q. How many valence electrons will carbon have?
Q. Why carbon form covalent compound?
Answer: carbon form covalent compound because :
(i) Carbon cannot gain four electrons forming C4– anion because it would be difficult for the nucleus with six protons to hold on to ten electrons. , that is, four extra electrons.
(ii) Carbon cannot lose four electrons forming C 4+ Cation because it requires a large amount of energy to remove four electrons leaving behind a carbon Cation with six protons in its nucleus holding on to just two electrons.
Q. Why is carbon tetravalent ?
Answer: Carbon atom has 4 electrons in the outermost shell.It needs 4 more electrons to complete its octet. Therefore , carbon is tetravalent .
For rest solved questions visit: Wonder family of Carbon and its compound
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