Carbon is a non metal. In nature, it occurs in its pure form as diamond and graphite. When fuels burn, the carbon in them reacts with oxygen to form carbon dioxide.
Carbon circulates through air, plants, animals and soil by means of complex reactions. This is called carbon cycle.In the beginning of 19th century scientists classified the compounds of carbon into twotypes, based on their source of occurrence:
i) Inorganic compounds (obtained from non living matter)ii) Organic compounds (obtained from living matter, such as plant and animal sources) however the basis of classification was subjected to alteration after wohler synthesis
FRIEDRICH WOHLER : A creator of revolution in ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
The term organic chemistry was used by the Swedish chemist Berzelius. This refers to the chemistry of living things. However, the German chemist Wohler succeeded in creating an organic compound (urea) from an inorganic compound (ammonium cyanate) in his laboratory. This has dealt a severe blow to the vital force theory (a theory of life process).
MODERN DEFINITION OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
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